„This is obviously a major breakthrough,“ Mr Trump`s son-in-law and adviser Jared Kushner told Reuters. „Reaching a peace agreement is not as easy as we are doing now. They are very difficult to do. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said he opposed the new deal and said no one had the right to speak on behalf of the Palestinians. Hamas, which controls Gaza, said it was a „political sin.“ As part of the deal, Trump has taken steps to remove Sudan from a U.S. administration list accused of promoting terrorism. Palestinian leaders have long called on Arab countries not to establish relations with Israel until a mutual peace has been achieved between Israel and the Palestinians. On Friday, the office of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas condemned the Israeli-Sudanese deal. The new agreement was negotiated on the basis of the United States. Side of a team that included Trump`s son-in-law and chief adviser, Jared Kushner, who called the normalization agreements the beginning of a „paradigm shift“ in the Middle East. In addition to the constant pressure exerted by the United States to link the suppression of terror to peace movements towards Israel, the preliminary negotiations have benefited from behind-the-scenes encouragement and promises of financial aid from the Uae and Saudi Arabia, as well as the tacit support of neighboring Egypt Sudan.
Khartoum`s decision could also accelerate similar normalization efforts by other Arab countries, although such progress is likely to be more gradual than the „Big Splash“ peace accords with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain. Meanwhile, the development of cooperation between Hemeti and Hamdok has made it possible to make a breakthrough in efforts to restore internal peace, as rebel groups represented by the Sudanese Revolutionary Front signed the Juba agreement earlier this month. All these groups support rapprochement with Israel and reject political Islam. Abdel Wahid al-Nur – the leader of the largest Paris-based rebel faction, the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM), which is still negotiating its own peace agreement – has already made a public statement in which he welcomes the normalization. Another key figure in the rebels, Abdelaziz Hilu of Sudan`s People`s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), is expected to follow. Hamdok, an experienced economist, apparently concluded that he could take advantage of the practical benefits of normalization to overcome the resistance of communists, Nasserites, Baathists, and Islamists. Indeed, so far, these groups have failed to stage meaningful protests against the deal and have not left the government. Through Foreign Minister Omar Qamar al-Din, Hamdok promises that the Agreement on Israel will be ratified by Parliament. But the Legislative Assembly, which was to be constituted for the transition period until the 2022 elections, is not yet in place. Following agreements between Sudanese military leaders and civilian politicians, a joint meeting of the Sovereign Council and government ministers may exercise the powers of the absent Parliament.
This mechanism could allow Israel and Sudan to activate their next normalization protocols without a parliamentary vote. In mid-October 2020, Sudanese businessman Abu Al-Qasim Bortom visited Israel to speed up the normalization process.  On October 22, 2020, an Israeli delegation traveled to Sudan to meet with Abdel Fattah al-Burhan to discuss the normalization of relations between the two countries.  On October 23, 2020, Israel and Sudan agreed to an agreement to normalize relations.  President Trump, Sudanese Sovereignty Council President Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok, and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu participated in a conference call on October 23 and then announced the deal.  On October 23, Sudan`s incumbent foreign minister said on state television that Sudan`s approval depended on the approval of its Legislative Council.   „The leaders agreed to normalize relations between Sudanese and Israeli countries and ended the state of thirst for war between their nations,“ he said.